Since this month is National Glaucoma Awareness Month, this post is intended to stress the importance of early detection of this vision threatening disease. Glaucoma is a class of progressive eye disorders that cause damage to the eye's optic nerve, which can be a precursor to a permanent loss of vision. If not treated, glaucoma often initially causes peripheral vision loss and then moves to total blindness. It is considered to be the primary reason for avoidable loss of vision and statistics show that over sixty million individuals worldwide suffer from the disease.
The leading cause of glaucoma is thought to be an increase in pressure around the optic nerve referred to as intraocular pressure. As pressure around the eye is elevated, this damages the optic nerve which is responsible for delivering signals to the brain. When this pathway doesn't work normally, eyesight is impaired. At the current time, optic nerve damage can't be fixed.
Glaucoma is especially threatening because unlike other forms of vision impairment, there are no symptoms until vision is already lost.
It is due to this that glaucoma is described as the "sneak thief of sight." The quandary is: how does one prevent an illness which has no obvious symptoms?
Prompt diagnosis of glaucoma is essential for effective care. While glaucoma risk is universal, certain groups are more at risk than others. Risk factors for glaucoma may include adults over 45 years of age, those having family members who have had glaucoma, a predisposition to diabetes, or known eye problems such as high intraocular pressure.
An effective way to detect glaucoma is to speak to an eye doctor. There are a number of diagnostic eye evaluations relied on by doctors to assess intraocular pressure and the risk of glaucoma. Especially if you are over 45 or have one of the other risk factors named above, you should plan for a comprehensive eye exam on an annual basis.
The truth is that most kinds of glaucoma are not preventable. That being said, the optic nerve damage and loss of vision can be slowed by a reliable diagnosis and proper treatment. Don't delay! Contact "Ganly Vision Care, PC" now, for a yearly glaucoma screening.